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Centers of ExcellenceBrain Disorders

Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a name for a condition that causes brief disturbances in the normal electric function of the brain. These disturbances are called seizures. In someone who has epilepsy, the normal activity in the brain is interrupted by bursts of activity that are more intense than usual. These bursts may cause symptoms that no one else is aware of, like a strange feeling in the body, or they may be visible with shaking and loss of consciousness. Epilepsy can have many causes from head injuries, infection, tumor (pressure) and genetics. Sometimes, epilepsy cannot be controlled with medications and surgical methods are tried in order to control the seizures. When other methods and procedures have failed and epilepsy is debilitating to the patient, radiosurgery has been utilized with varying results.

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Essential Tremor

Two conditions make up the largest numbers of patients with movement disorders who might be suitable for radiosurgical treatment. These diseases are Parkinson's disease and essential tremor (familial tremor). In unusual circumstances, movement disorders may also be due to head injuries, brain infections such as encephalitis, or following strokes. Movement disorders take a wide variety of forms. One of the most common movement disorders is tremor.

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Pain

Pain is a functional disorder. It is a term for illnesses in which there is no evidence of organic disturbance or injury causing the problem even though the person is impaired. Many diagnoses can fall within the parameters of being called a functional disorder when there is no apparent reason which direct us to why the impairment is occurring. Functional neurosurgery is resorted to only after medications have failed to alleviate the situation. Functional neurosurgery may involve radiosurgery, probes or electrical stimulation.

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Parkinson's

Two conditions make up the largest numbers of patients with movement disorders who might be suitable for radiosurgical treatment. These diseases are Parkinson's disease and essential tremor (familial tremor). In unusual circumstances, movement disorders may also be due to head injuries, brain infections such as encephalitis, or following strokes. Movement disorders take a wide variety of forms. One of the most common movement disorders is tremor.

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Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia (TN) is paroxysmal triggered face pain. Most patients respond very well to radiosurgery with the Gamma Knife, which is one of the best standard treatments for this condition.

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